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The HENSON AERIAL STEAM CARRIAGE - Patented 1843

Welcome to the Flying Machines web site. Before the Wright Brothers achieved the first successful heavier-than-air controlled flight on December 17, 1903, hundreds of women and men attempted to fly, in airships, gliders and aeroplanes, and many did go aloft in gas and hot-air balloons. This site documents a number of those pre-Wright attempts at heavier-than-air flight, as well as significant events and thoughts which contributed to the ultimate success of powered, heavier-than-air human flight.

1909 Cylinder Record - Zeb Green's Airship


Please Visit The New GUSTAVE WHITEHEAD - WHAT DID HE DO ? web site for articles and essays on what Gustave Whitehead actually did


Build An 1893 Soaring Machine & Conduct Scientific Aerial Investigations





Important Thoughts About & Experiments With Flying Machines
1485 to 1903

ca. 1485 - Leonardo da Vinci - The Ornithopter
1714 - Emanuel Swedenborg - Daedalian
1799 - Sir George Cayley - The Forces Of Flight
1843 - William Samuel Henson - The Aerial Steam Carriage
1848 & 1868 - John Stringfellow - The Stringfellow Machines
1849 - Rufus Porter - The New York to California Aerial Transport
1857 & 1867 - Jean Marie Le Bris - The Artificial Albatross
1857 to 1877 - Felix & Louis du Temple de la Croix - Steam Powered Monoplane
1864 - Le Comte Ferdinand Charles Honore Phillipe d'Esterno - Soaring Machine & The Laws Of Flight
1865 - Louis Pierre Mouillard - The Empire Of The Air
1865 - James William Butler & Edmund Edwards - The Steam-Jet Dart
1866 - Francis Herbert Wenham - Aerial Locomotion
1866 to 1869 - Jan Wnek - Gliding Flight
1869 - Frederick Marriott - The Avitor Hermes, Jr.
1871 - Alphonse Penaud - The Planophore & The Penaud Toy Helicopter
1875 & 1879 - Thomas Moy - The Moy Aerial Steamer & The Military Kite
1878 - Charles F. Ritchel - Hand-powered Airship
1879 - Victor Tatin - The Compressed Air Monoplane
1880 - Gaston Biot - The Biot Kite
1883 - Alexandre Goupil - Aerial Locomotion
1883 to 1911 - John Joseph Montgomery - Monoplane & Tandem-Wing Gliders
1884 - Aleksandr Fyodorovich Mozhaiski - The Mozhaiski Monoplane
1884 to 1907 - Horatio Frederick Phillips - Sustainers
1887 - Massia & Biot - The Massia-Biot Glider
1889 - Pichancourt - Mechanical Birds
1889 to 1893 - Lawrence Hargrave - Flapping Propellers & Box Kites
1890 & 1897 - Clement Ader - The Ader Bats
1891 - Chuhachi Ninomiya - The Tamamushi
1891 to 1896 - Otto Lilienthal - Master Of Gliding Flight
1894 - Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim - The Test-Rig
1894 to 1897 - James Means - A Soaring Machine, The Problem of Manflight & The Aeronautical Annuals
1895 - Pablo Suarez - The Suarez Glider
1896 - Percy Sinclair Pilcher - The Hawk
1896 - Octave Chanute & Augustus Herring - Gliding Machines
1896 - William Paul Butusov - Albatross Soaring Machine
1896 - William Frost - The Airship Glider
1896 to 1903 - Samuel Pierpont Langley - The Aerodromes
1898 - Edson F. Gallaudet - The Gallaudet Wing Warping Kite
1898 - Lyman Wiswell Gilmore, Jr. - The Gilmore Monoplane
1901 - Wilhelm Kress - The Waterborne Aeroplane
1901 - Gustave Whitehead - The Whitehead Albatross & The Whitehead No. 21
      Please Visit The New GUSTAVE WHITEHEAD - WHAT DID HE DO ? web site for articles and essays on what Gustave Whitehead actually did
1903 - Richard William Pearse - The Pearse Monoplane
1903 - Karl Jatho - The Jatho Biplane
1903 to 1904 - Guido Dinelli - The Aereoplano


Flying Machines - A Brief Narrative
Frequently Asked Questions About Flying Machines Before The Wrights
Links To Other Early Aviation-Related Web Sites

The PIONEER AVIATION GROUP Web Sites
Offer Images And Accurate Information About Early Aviation

NADAR
Pioneer Aerial Photographer
Paris, France, ca. 1858

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